A new study reports that when people are exposed to Buddhist concepts, they show more prosocial behavior and tolerance of outsiders.
Research has shown that when people are exposed to concepts from monotheistic religions they show more prosocial behavior within the group, but less tolerance for those outside—for anyone who is somehow “different.”
It’s a strange paradox – that caring more for some people would reduce caring for all. The authors of this new study wondered if it might be different with an Eastern religion. They thought that Buddhist concepts might encourage tolerance for otherness, because Buddhism emphasizes compassion in a way that is “possibly clearer than in [Christianity, Judaism, and Islam].” The researchers pointed out that Buddhist teachings encourage thinking about interconnectedness, oneness, harmony, tolerance of contradiction, and interdependence between all life forms.
The researchers, led by Magali Clobert, tested three different groups: Western converts to Buddhism, Christian and secular Westerners, and East Asian students who were either Buddhist/Taoist or secular.
For one of the tests, researchers administered regular word searches to a control group and word searches with Buddhist words to another group. The researchers found that the Buddhist concepts activated compassion and tolerance, and undermined ethnic and religious prejudice, especially among those whose personalities were already disposed to open-mindedness.
The paper was published in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. For more about the study, read the full paper here.