Buddhism’s impact on jazz music has been immense. As part of our overview of Buddhism’s influence on modern music, we provide a survey of the artists who were inspired by the dharma to break down barriers and seek out new musical vistas.
Concurrent with Buddhism’s emerging influence on classical composers, jazz artists were finding that the focus created by a meditation practice were opening new creative doors. Pianist Herbie Hancock, reed players Wayne Shorter and Bennie Maupin, and bassist Buster Williams are all practitioners of Nichiren Buddhism; singer Tamm E. Hunt is a Mahayana Buddhist; Joseph Jarman of the famed Art Ensemble of Chicago was a Jodo Shinshu priest.
Without meditation, one of the genre’s towering achievements might never have been committed to tape. As the story goes, John Coltrane was meditating one early morning when the form and motif of his album, A Love Supreme, arose fully formed in his mind. Similarly, jazz legend Wayne Shorter produced a late-career three-disc masterwork, Emanon, reflecting his practice of Nichiren Buddhism.
Jazz drummer Jerry Granelli says: “I didn’t come to the dharma looking to be a better musician. I’d accomplished most of what I’d hoped for. But I didn’t know how to be a human.” At 80, the jazz drummer and music-and-meditation teacher is as vital and inventive as any artist could hope to be. (For a deeper dive into Granelli’s work – what he calls his “rhythm painting,” check out his playlist: This Is Jerry Granelli 2020.)
As a jazz musician, he made a name for himself young. That’s the 22-year-old Granelli drumming on Vince Guaraldi’s beloved “Linus and Lucy,” the Peanuts’ theme song. He played with the likes of Carmen McRae, Bill Evans, and Sly Stone, but by the time he met his teacher, Chögyam Trungpa, in the early 1970s, he was at a crossroads: tired, and perhaps even “done with music forever.” But Trungpa Rinpoche told him, “no, no, that’s where your real stuff will come up.”
Putting that openness and focus to work, these pioneers in jazz helped set the stage for whole new generations of genre-busting, Buddhist-inspired music.
Continue Reading our Fan’s Guide to Modern Buddhist Music
Discover more about the rich intersection between Buddhism and music with the following selection of articles:
The Buddhist Path that Transformed Tina Turner
Tina Turner credited her Buddhist practice for her survival, success, and happiness. Following her passing, Donald Brackett looks at the legacy she leaves behind.
Tina Turner: What's Love Got to Do With It?
The legendary rock’n’roll singer Tina Turner died Wednesday at her home in Küsnacht, Switzerland after a long illness. She was 83. In this interview, Andrea Miller talks to Turner about the power of song and her Buddhist practice.
Remembering Wayne Shorter, Rogue Philosopher (1933-2023)
Rod Meade Sperry looks at the life, art, and Buddhism of the jazz great Wayne Shorter.
How Meditation Inspired Jazz Great John Coltrane
Zen teacher Sean Murphy looks back jazz icon John Coltrane and how meditation practice informed his monumental late-period work.
Awakening with “A Love Supreme”
Rev. Dr. John Lee reflects on John Coltrane’s A Love Supreme and how he learned to view the album as an example of awakening.